Thursday, May 21, 2020
Sir William Drummond once said Ã¢â¬Å"He who will not reason is a bigot; he who cannot is a fool; and he who dares not is a slaveÃ¢â¬ (Drummond). Everyone has the innate ability to reason through situations and come to a resolution by evaluating the consequences. Everyone, however, does not actively reason to come to an effective solution. Some choose not to reason, while others basically cannot due to their naivety. In any case the incapability to reason turns out to be a flaw, and in the instance of Marcus Brutus, a tragic flaw. Reasoning is not characteristically present in Marcus Brutus. Brutus cannot look past his philosophical view of the world and consequently his reasoning is meddled with. This flaw he exhibits will eventually lead to his death. According to Aristotle, a tragic hero must be of noble stature and embody nobility, they cannot be perfect, their downfall must partially be their own fault, their demise is not exclusively justified for their punishment, somethin g is gained from the fall, and the audience must not leave in a state of depression; Brutus fits AristotleÃ¢â¬â¢s definition of a tragic hero because he embodies all of these characteristics. A tragic hero must be of noble stature and express nobility; Marcus Brutus is one of Rome s noblemen and is also literally noble. Also a tragic hero; although he is good, he is not perfect, and his fall results from his hamartia. Hamartia is a fatal flaw leading to the downfall of a tragic hero. If the hero is perfect theShow MoreRelatedMarcus Brutus as a Tragic Hero Essay1002 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages A tragic hero in Shakespearean literature is understood as a noble and heroic character who makes a series of bad decisions based on his bad judgment that leads to his downfall and eventually death. In William ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s play Julius Caesar, the tragic hero is Marcus Brutus, a powerful Roman senator who joins a conspiracy to assassinate the Roman ruler, Julius Caesar. Marcus Brutus is a tragic hero because of his noble reputation, his moral personality, the cathartic experience that the audienceRead MoreThe Tragic Hero Of Marcus Junius Brutus Minor Essay1418 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesblock October 27, 2015 Tragic hero Marcus Junius Brutus Minor was the son of Marcus Junius Brutus Maior and Servilia Caepionis. His father was killed by Pompey the Great in dubious circumstances after he had taken part in the rebellion of Lepidus; his mother was the half-sister of Cato the Younger, and later Julius Caesar s mistress. Some sources refer to the possibility of Caesar being his real father,despite Caesar s being only 15 years old when Brutus was born. Brutus uncle, Quintus ServiliusRead MoreMarcus Brutus: The Tragic Hero Of Julius Ceasar972 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"A man cannot become a hero until he can see the root of his own downfall.Ã¢â¬ (Aristotle). It should be noted that the Heroes downfall is his own fault as a result of his own free will, At times his death is seen as a waste of human potential. His death usually is not a pure loss, because it results in greater knowledge and awareness. In Julius Ceasar, William Shakespeare develops Marcus Brutus as the Tragic Hero whose ambition and naive ty in his blind confidence in the nobility of man sparked guidanceRead More Marcus Brutus as a Tragic Hero in Shakespeares Julius Caesar1441 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMarcus Brutus as a Tragic Hero in Shakespeares Julius Caesar In the play Julius Caesar, the tragedy of the play was directed mainly at one specific character, Marcus Brutus. Brutus was the tragic hero of the play, because of his idealistic and pragmatic qualities. The mindset that Brutus possessed only allowed him to see the world and its people from one point of view. This point of view allowed him to make judgments that assumed only the best of people. This tragic weakness resulted in manyRead MoreEssay about Marcus Brutus: Praetor, Senator, and Tragic Hero858 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMarcus Brutus: Praetor, Senator, and Tragic Hero The famous play The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, written by the esteemed playwright William Shakespeare, details the plight of Marcus Brutus and the other Roman conspirators against the dictator Julius Caesar. There are several tragic heroes in this play who suffer extreme downfalls. A tragic hero is a character who was once in high regard or standing but encounters a series of terrible events that contribute to a giant downfall from that position.Read More Marcus Brutus as Tragic Hero in Shakespeares Julius Caesar Essays735 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesMarcus Brutus as Tragic Hero in Shakespeares Julius Caesar Ã Ã Ã In many stories there is a tragic hero. The hero finds out about himself and the people around him in the story. In Shakespeares play, Julius Caesar, Marcus Brutus is the tragic hero. The play Julius Caesar is about politics and betrayal in ancient Rome. Brutus is part of the senate, which is below Caesar, who is soon to be crowned. The senate wants to overthrow Caesar to save Rome. To do this the senate has to get BrutusRead MoreMarcus Brutus: Shakespeares Tragic Hero in The Tragedy of Julius Caesar1238 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWilliam Shakespeare illustrates Marcus Brutus as a tragic hero in the play The Tragedy of Julius Caesar. Shakespeare defines tragic hero as a flawed character who has good fortune, and then loses all he has prized, leading to his misfortune, but a tragic hero must have that moment of enlightenment, that moment where a character can see that he caused his own downfall and receives the blame for his own tragedy. The Tragedy of Julius Caesar is ba sed on an historical event- the assassination of JuliusRead MoreMarcus Brutus: The True Tragic Hero in Julius Caesar, by William Shakespeare576 Words Ã |Ã 2 Pagesthe conspiracy, tries to recruit Marcus Brutus into the group because he believes it will make them look less like murderers and more like heroes. He agrees and helps carry out the assassination. The story continues after CaesarÃ¢â¬â¢s death with a series of disagreements between characters and ultimately a civil war involving Brutus and Cassius and their armies, and Mark AntonyÃ¢â¬â¢s army. Even though the play is called Julius Caesar, Marcus Brutus is the real tragic hero because he is very well respectedRead MoreMarcus Brutus as the Tragic Hero in Shakespeares Julius Caesar1267 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesBrutus as the Tragic Hero in Shakespeares Julius Caesar Because of Shakespeares popularity among scholars and literary critics, his plays have been studied time after time. In the four hundred or so years since they were written, Shakespeares plays and other literary masterpieces have been categorized. Many of them, including Shakespeares portrayal of Julius Caesars murder and the resulting events for Rome and for Caesars conspirators, have been put into the tragedies category. AccordingRead MoreMarcus Brutus: The Tragic Hero in The Tragedy of Julius Caesar1069 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s play The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, the title leads the mind to believe that Caesar is the tragic hero; however, this is not the case. The noble Brutus is a much more accurate fit for the role of tragic hero. A tragic hero is a character with a tragic flaw that goes from good fortune to complete misfortune in a fairly quick downfall. Although some may argue that Caesar fits this depiction, Brutus is a better choice. He goes from the top of the social standings to international scumbag when
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
In America, approximately 3.3 million people are diagnosed with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, commonly known as OCD - one in every 50 adults and one in every 200 adolecence. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is an anxiety disorder that causes people to have unwanted obsessions with things and recurring compulsions or rituals. Many times, the obsessions or compulsions have to do with cleanliness or germs. An example of this would be a person who is obsessive with washing their hands repeatedly. (website 1, paragraph 1) Every person who has this disorder has different compulsions and rituals, but it is found that a lot of cases are similar in more ways than they differ. Although this disorder may not sound serious, it can severly life alteringÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦As for excessive hand washing, they person may be highly afraid of germs. Their mind drives them to wash and clean their hands over and over again, to the point where it interrupts their daily life. The reasoning behin d these behaviors is to reduce the stress that these fears bring (website 1, page 2). Finally, an important symptom that comes with this disorder is if at least an hour of each day is spent doing rituals. Whether it is the act of constant checking on things, such as locking and unlocking doors, or rearranging things in orders such as by size or height Ã¢â¬â if doing these things is becomes such an issue that hours are spent, there is more than likely a problem. Almost all people have minor Obsessive Compulsive tendencies; it is normally not serious enough to be formally diagnosed with the disorder. An example would be color coding your closet, many people do this simply because it is an easy way of being organized. But, the difference between two would one, be color coding your closet, two, not only having the clothes color coded but in order by size, type, texture, etc. One of the biggest downfalls to this disorder, which may go unnoticed to many people, is how greatly this chan ges the lives of not only the ones suffering from it, but their families as well. As previously mentioned, not being able to fight the urge to act on theseShow MoreRelatedObsessive Compulsion Disorder1045 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesObsessive compulsion disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder described by irrational thoughts and fears (obsessions) that lead you to do repetitive tasks (compulsions) (Obsessive Compulsion Disorder, 2013). When a person has obsessive-compulsive disorder, they may realize that their obsessions arent accurate, and they may try to overlook them but that only increases their suffering and worry. Eventually, you feel driven to perform compulsive acts to ease your stressful feelings. Obsessive-compulsiveRead MoreObsessive Compulsive Disorder ( Ocd )1726 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesObsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) was once considered a rare disease, but today, it is one of the most prevalent psychological disorders present among society. OCD is described as Ã¢â¬Å"intrus ive thoughts or images (obsessions), which increase anxiety, and by repetitive or ritualistic actions (compulsions), which decrease anxietyÃ¢â¬ (Stein, 2002). In the DSM-IV, Obsessive compulsive disorder can be diagnosed through observable behaviours or repetitive mental habits. Symptoms include; the constant washingRead MoreEssay about Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Assessment1418 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAs a result of these frequent thoughts of danger, Bill calls home every hour to check on his family. These thoughts and behaviors have been present for years. Bill concerns have since escalated after his wife had an automobile accident. His constant telephoning home has led to the loss of one of his jobs. His wife has threatened to leave him and has pushed for him to seek help from a psychiatric facility. On Axis I of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Bill can be diagnosedRead MoreObsessive Compulsive Disorder ( Ocd ) Essay1208 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesObsessive-Compulsive Disorder Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a condition, which is characterized by obsessive thoughts (ideas) and sometimes compulsive actions. They almost always cause the patient feel anxious. Quite often patients try to resist these thoughts or actions, but to no avail. However, patients recognize that they are their own thoughts, even if these thoughts are involuntary and often revolting. Compulsive acts or rituals are stereotyped recurrent behaviors. These actions areRead MoreObsessive Compulsive Disorder ( Ocd )939 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthings repetitively, or have particular thoughts or perform routines and rituals numerous times have obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The frequent thoughts that cause the anxiety in those are obsessions and the overwhelming urge to repeat the behaviors to alleviate their anxiety are compulsions. People who suffer with OCD have no control over their obsessions and compulsions, and this disorder often times ends up controlling the person; which aff ects their daily life. For instance, a common scenarioRead MoreReasons For Tobacco Companies Success1160 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageswait for all dangerous moments. Anxiety can persist in situations where there is no need to be anxious over. Although cigarettes may have the symptoms of reducing anxiety levels, cigarettes end up causing more harm than good and should not be advised as a coping method to get over anxiety. There is a gap in difference between general anxiety and anxiety disorder that most would not classify as two different types. Anxiety is fairly common during bigger events and stressful or possible harmful situationsRead MoreObsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Essay800 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Obsessive Compulsive Disorder And Its Effect On Life Obsessive-compulsive disorder, or OCD, involves anxious thoughts or rituals one feels and cant control. . For many years, OCD was thought to be rare. The actual number of people with OCD was hidden, because people would hide their problem to avoid embarrassment. Some recent studies show that as many as 3 million Americans ages 18 to 54 may have OCD at any one time. This is about 2.3% of the people in this age group. It strikes men and women inRead MoreObsessive Compulsive Disorder ( Ocd )1165 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesObsessive compulsive disorder, abbreviated as OCD, is defined by irrational thoughts and fears (obsessions) that lead you to do repetitive behaviors (compulsions). It is possible to have only obsessions or only compulsions and still have OCD. Obsessions are thoughts that intrude repeatedly into awareness and are experienced as irrational, unwanted, and difficult to control or stop. Common obsessive thoughts can include: fear of being contaminated by germs or dirt, fear of c ausing harm to yourselfRead More Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Essay1633 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswhen they do, they dont last very long. However, the United States Health and Human Services Department (1998) estimates there is about 3.2 million Americans that suffer from a psychological anxiety disorder called obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Those who suffer from this condition have frequent upsetting and unreasonable thoughts, worries, or fears. The Harvard Mental Health Letter (1998) notes that: Ã¢â¬Å"The most common obsessional theme is cleanliness (dirt and germs), followed by aggressionRead MoreSymptoms And Symptoms Of Anxiety Disorders1262 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagescontact? Many people experience these symptoms of anxiety. There are many different types of anxiety disorders. Catching early signs of complications can lead to better treatment and acknowledgment. Gaining knowledge about anxiety and some of the different types of Anxiety Disorders, like Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and Generalized Anxiety Disorder can be beneficial to understanding the signs and symptoms a love one can have. It is important to know signs and symptoms because it is not worth risking
string(55) " of the last era of presidencies in the United States\." The united States survived this conflict under Abraham Lincoln, the Republican from Illinois. After the war ended, Abraham Lincoln and the Republican Party were viewed as heroes. They had ended slavery in the United States and won the war. We will write a custom essay sample on Election a benchmark election or any similar topic only for you Order Now Most importantly they were able to keep a nation, divided by a monumental issue such as slavery seen as creating Irreconcilable differences, together. As a result of the viewed successes of the Republicans during this era, they were able to dominate the White House, even though Lincoln Vice President, Andrew Johnson, as a Democrat. Johnson would only serve one term in office after Lincoln assassination, due to the poor policies he would enact as president. The following US Presidents would be Ulysses S. Grant, a Republican war hero, and three more Republicans, Hayes, Garfield and Arthur, before another Democrat would become president. The most successful president of the era was Abraham Lincoln who Is widely considered the greatest president in US history for his accomplishments during the Civil War. On the other hand Andrew Johnson is considered one of the worst, and is one of only two presidents to be impeached. Lincoln achievements, coupled with the distrust of southern Democrats after the Civil War, paved the way for Republicans to control the White House for the latter half of the 19th century. SYSTEM OF 1896 (1897-1933) The System of 1 896, also known as the Progressive Era, was another span of time that was dominated by the Republican Party, for all except an eight-year gap where a Democrat held the White House. The trend started under President McKinley as he expanded AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s borders with the Spanish American War, trade in China, and acquisitions of the Philippines and Hawaii, before he was assassinated. Teddy Roosevelt, who followed McKinley, made many reforms that Improved the food (meat packing factories in particular), built the Panama Canal, and built up American naval strength, both of which fostered the theme of American Imperialism set by McKinley. William Howard Taft continued the Progressive Era by reforming the American workplace at the time. Taft instituted the concept of an eight-hour workday as well as continuing to break up monopolies and trusts, such as American Standard Oil, more than Teddy Roosevelt had in his time as president . After the end of TuftÃ¢â¬â¢s first term, Roosevelt felt he hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t done enough as president and ran against him under the Bull-Moose party. This led to Taft and Roosevelt splitting Republican votes and a moderate Democrat, Woodrow Wilson, winning the election. From 1892 to 1928 the Republicans were winning at or above 50% in all regions besides the south, a region Democrats considered their base at the time, the sole exception being in 1912 when Teddy Roosevelt ran against William Howard Taft under the Bull-Moose Party. This resulted in Taft and Teddy Roosevelt splitting the Republican vote . This demonstrates how strong the Republicans were during the System of 1896 wrought the nation. Wilson would lead the nation through World War I and with it create a prosperous nation. But by the end of his presidency it was his failed ideas that would stick with him and the Democratic Party leading to Republicans controlling the White House for the next twelve years. WillowÃ¢â¬â¢s successes included creating the Federal Reserve, Federal Trade Commission and Clayton Antitrust Act. In addition he was president when the 19th amendment, womanÃ¢â¬â¢s right to vote, was ratified. However, what heÃ¢â¬â¢ll always be remembered for was the idea of the League of Nations which would help dead to his partyÃ¢â¬â¢s losses in the next election. The next twelve years of Republican presidents were generally indistinct, remembered primarily for Herbert HoverÃ¢â¬â¢s inability to deal with the Great Depression, leading to the election of Democrat Franklin Delano Roosevelt as president. THE NEW DEAL AND THE GREAT SOCIETY (1933-1969) The Great Depression changed the way government operated in the United States. Under FED and the New Deal the US Government grew to the largest it has ever been . Figure 1 Instead of the government being there to protect the people in times of crisis when Americans needed help, the New Deal dramatically changed the scope of government. The government changed from reactionary to precautionary, resulting in a larger, more involved federal government. FED and the New Deal helped guide the nation out of the Great Depression and through World War II, but not without changing the federal government forever. The effects of this change are still seen today with welfare, Social Security, and the Tennessee Valley Authority among other government programs created by the New Deal. After FED came Truman and the Marshall Plan continuing the trend of the United States becoming a global power by offering aid to Europe to rebuild from the aftermath of World War II and the threat of Communism. Truman also presided over the creation of the United Nations, establishment of Israel as a country, the Berlin the mold of FadÃ¢â¬â¢s ideologies. After 20 years of Democratic presidents, moderate Republican and war hero Dwight D. Eisenhower won the presidency. Eke oversaw the building of the interstate highway system, as well as the beginnings of the Space Race, and the Civil Rights Era. These accomplishments were good, but did not signal a full shift from the important issues odd FED and TraumaÃ¢â¬â¢s presidencies. Following Eisenhower presidency civil rights became a focus of national politics and focal points of both KEF and LabÃ¢â¬â¢s presidencies. Lyndon B. Johnson would represent the end of the Democratic hold on the presidency. Despite his role in the civil rights movement, ending all forms of segregation, and Ã¢â¬Å"The Great SocietyÃ¢â¬â¢, he will be remembered for beginning involvement in the Vietnam War. American involvement in Vietnam would be critical in leading Richard Nixon and the Republicans to taking the presidency. REAGAN REVOLUTION (1981- ) Ronald Reagan is one of the most popularizing presidents in our nationÃ¢â¬â¢s history and was the father of the last era of presidencies in the United States. You read "Election a benchmark election" in category "Papers" Ronald Reagan defeated sitting president Jimmy Carter in the 1980 election. Carter will be remembered for the oil crisis and gas shortage, the recession, the Iran hostage crisis, and the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. This propelled the American people to elect Ronald Reagan, and not by a small margin. In 1980 Ronald Reagan won 489 electoral votes and 50. 8% of the popular vote to CarterÃ¢â¬â¢s 49 votes and 41%. In 1984 Reagan would win 525 votes and 58. Of the vote to Walter ModuleÃ¢â¬â¢s 13 votes and 40. 6% . It was unprecedented to see a Republican to do so well nationally, as the South had been a Democratic lock. In the lead up to the 1980 election the South had been moving towards the Republican stronghold it has become. In the 1950 midterms, Republicans had won Just two seats in the House from the South. In 1980 Republicans won around 40% of seats . As president, Reagan would oversee economic growth through lowering taxes and using supply side economics, the pushing back of the Soviets and thawing of the Cold War, and progress of his goal to hiring the federal government (see figure 1). ReggaeÃ¢â¬â¢s view of conservatism has been evident from then until now. George H. W. Bush, ReggaeÃ¢â¬â¢s Vice President, would continue following ReggaeÃ¢â¬â¢s beliefs while president. In 1982 approximately 35% of the nation identified themselves as Republicans, by 1994 it had increased to 43%5. George Bush as president oversaw the fall of both the Soviet Union and Berlin Wall, led a successful Persian Gulf War, and would institute the Americans with Disabilities Act. President Bush would lose reelection when he raised taxes, against his promise of Ã¢â¬Å"read my lips: no new taxesÃ¢â¬ . This provided the opportunity for a moderate Democrat from Arkansas, Bill Clinton, to win the 1992 Presidential election. Clinton continued to strengthen the economy, but in a different way than Reagan. Clinton balanced the federal budget by raising taxes and reforming the welfare systems put in place by FED in the New Deal. In line with ReggaeÃ¢â¬â¢s policies he ensured that there was free trade between North American countries with NONFAT. Following Clinton, George W. Bush was elected President based on many of his that would dictate his presidency (Afghanistan and Iraq). In addition to the wars, the ND of BushÃ¢â¬â¢s presidency saw the beginning of another major recession, leading to the election off liberal democrat, Barack Obama. Has the Reagan Revolution ended? We may not know for another 5-10 years. Despite Obama, a liberal Democrat, being elected president, many of ReggaeÃ¢â¬â¢s ideas are still championed by Tea Party Republicans. This faction of the Republican Party seeks a smaller federal government, smaller federal budget, and more rights being returned to the states, as opposed to being federal issues. WHAT HAS CAUSED THIS PATTERN TO EXIST The past 150 years can be divided into four distinct eras. The first two marked by Republican presidencies, the third, and longest of the periods, a Democratic era, and finally a return to Republican control of the presidency with the Reagan Revolution. When looking at each era, a few things are evident; one or two great presidents define every one of these time periods, those presidentsÃ¢â¬â¢ party is the dominant party of the era, one bad presidency or event can end the era, and that in between each era there is some form of realignment. It is these conditions meshed together that create a pattern of presidential dynasties to exist in America. The top 10 presidents in history are (in order) FED, Teddy Roosevelt, Lincoln, Washington, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, Wilson, Truman and Eisenhower. Outside of the founding fathers each of these presidents were part of one of these eras, either as the one whose ideologies defined the era or as the moderate of the other party who followed these ideologies, but with their partyÃ¢â¬â¢s themes. The only president whose policies defined an era not on this list was Reagan. According to a 2012 Gallup Poll 19% of Americans, the most common answer, thought Ronald Reagan is the Greatest in US history. CallusÃ¢â¬â¢s top 10 consists of Reagan, Lincoln, Clinton, Kennedy, Washington, FED, Obama, Teddy Roosevelt, Truman, and George W. Bush. When broken down by party the results are similar. Figure 2 A great president defines an era, but how does the era end? These presidential dynasties end via a realignment of political issues in the United States. This can be caused by a single event in history, for example The Great Depression, or a bad president who brings forth a need for change, such as Herbert Hoover or, potentially, George W Bush, who impact is not yet known. The era of Lincoln ended when a trio of Republican presidents (Hayes, Garfield and Arthur) did nothing to move the country forward. The System of 1896 ended ender Hoover when the US entered the Great Depression allowing FED to win the presidency for the Democrats. The era of the New Deal and the Great Society ended when LB] entered the Vietnam War. Finally the Reagan Revolution may have ended after the George W. Bush saddled the country with two wars and an economic crisis. While not all these presidents are historically bad, Lyndon B Johnson is historically remembered as an above average president due to the policies enacted during the Great Society, the majority of these presidents are remember for the harm they caused to America rather than any good they may have provided. For example George W. Bush led us through the worst terrorist attack in American history, 9/1 1, but his failures outweighed his successes and have cost the Republican Party in Republican dominance. A different issue has defined each era, so what causes the changes in issues? Realignment is a dramatic change in an era of politics. This includes a change in the dominating issues, dominant party and even changes to the party bases. The signs of realignment include a flurry of political activity not normal to U. S. Politics (I. E. Progressive Era, New Deal, Great Society, Ergonomics), a single party controlling the House, Senate, and White House, and the emergence of a third party. Ã¢â¬Å"To bring about a realignment, the new issue must be one that cuts across the existing line of party cleavage. -James Conduits . Each of these eras had a cross cutting issue that divided the country, and therefore needed someone to unify them. Lincoln had to deal with slavery, both the System of 1896 and the New Deal had to deal with economic hardship. The Great Society had to face the issue of race in America once again. Each of these issues divided the existing parties forcing individuals to real ign based on new party beliefs. The issue canÃ¢â¬â¢t be a small issue, such as a setting a national driving age, it must be popularizing that everyone must pick a side, like the issue of slavery during the Civil War. Realignment causes old cleavage issues to fade away. This can be seen today because the New Deal is no longer a dividing issue among people, while in the sassÃ¢â¬â¢s and sassÃ¢â¬â¢s it divided Republicans and Democrats across the country. A third party arises when both major parties in power straddle the issue. The third party forces one of the two major parties to adopt the issue and if not the third party rises power (e. G. Republicans and slavery during the sassÃ¢â¬â¢s). The New Deal era is the best example of a realigning election. Franklin Roosevelt won 472 electoral votes and 57. 4% of the vote . In addition to the presidential election, the Democrats made big strides in Congressional elections. Democrats gained 90 seats in the House and nine in the Senate , signaling a major shift in issues for the At-enact people. WILL WE ENTER A NEW PRESIDENTIAL ERA OR HAVE WE REACHED THE END? Barack Obama is not a disciple of the Reagan Revolution, if anything he is a disciple of the New Deal. Does this mean the Reagan Revolution is over? Is Obama the beginning of a new era, dominated by Democrats? Or have we reached the point where the patterns are over and there will no longer be a dominant party in America? If you look solely at history it points towards the emergence of Ã¢â¬Å"The Obama EraÃ¢â¬ of the American presidency. Obama was president when the United States exited the recession, much like FED and McKinley. When he was first elected in 2008 it was the highest percentage of voter turnout since 1968, signaling the potential of it being a realignment election . The beginning of BeamÃ¢â¬â¢s first turn was filled with active legislating, including the passing of the Affordable Care Act. All of these events fit into James SquintÃ¢â¬â¢s Theory of Partisan Realignment. What about todayÃ¢â¬â¢s current political conditions? Yes, many of the conditions that existed during BeamÃ¢â¬â¢s first term are similar to the pattern of other presidential eras, faction of the conservative right. The Tea Party fits in line with the small government beliefs of the Reagan Revolution and not BeamÃ¢â¬â¢s belief in a large, active federal government. If the Tea Party does rise to power its ideologies would be a shift from BeamÃ¢â¬â¢s. In addition to the third party not aligning with BeamÃ¢â¬â¢s views, their influence has been steadily decreasing over time. Secondly, there is no outbreak of political activity. The opposite is true as both the House and Senate find themselves gridlocked, unable to pass any legislation. Figure 3 The most recent Congress has been the least productive of the past 32 congresses . This is in part due to straight line partisan voting by members of Congress when both the House and Senate are almost evenly split in membership as is. During the previous presidential eras either members of Congress were able to work with each other to pass legislation or one party dominated the government so it was possible force any legislation through Congress. These conditions no longer exist as the United States Government becomes more and more popularized. Where does all of these leave the future America? It is always safe to look back because history does have a tendency to repeat itself, but with the current conditions it isnÃ¢â¬â¢t likely that Democrats will hold the White House for a long time. Since Gallup began monitoring presidential approval ratings, starting with Harry Truman, the two presidents who have defined their respective eras, Reagan and Johnson, have both had average approval ratings above 50%, 52. 8% and 55. 1% respectively. BeamÃ¢â¬â¢s current average its below 50% at 48% . A president with an approval rating less than 50% isnÃ¢â¬â¢t going to set the tone for future presidents if less than half the nation approves of him. Another strike against an Ã¢â¬Å"Obama EraÃ¢â¬ is following the 2008 election there was potential for realignment, but it never actually happened. Movements such as Occupy Wall Street faded away while the Tea PartyÃ¢â¬â¢s voice only got stronger. The Democrats had a chance to grab hold of the government but didnÃ¢â¬â¢t take it. In the following 2010 midterm elections the Republicans picked up a net of 63 seats to gain back control of the House and a net of six seats in the Senate. This isnÃ¢â¬â¢t to say that it is impossible for President Obama canÃ¢â¬â¢t be the start of a new era of Democratic presidents but given recent history it is unlikely. CONCLUSION As President of the United States one has the potential to shape the nation. The electorate rewards these presidents (Lincoln, both Roosevelt, LB], and Reagan) by electing presidents who emulate those same positive ideologies. This led to the creation of eras of dominance by a single party. These eras produced some of most prosperous times in American history. However, the time of single party dominance has ended. The government has become more popularized, which has led to partisan gridlock. The people have been losing faith in the government to actually get anything done, which seems to be a result of new popularization, illustrated by the Ã¢â¬Å"Do- nothing CongressÃ¢â¬ . As a result the electorate changes its views and votes for the other party hoping they will actually be able to break the gridlock in government. This is not to say there will never be another great president like Lincoln or Roosevelt again, but the time of presidential eras is reaching its end, unless the federal government becomes less popularized. How to cite Election a benchmark election, Papers
Sunday, April 26, 2020
Sir Frederick Grant Banting (1891-1941) Life Description Sir Frederick Grant Banting was a Canadian physician, physiologist, and Nobel winner in 1923 for the discovery of the hormone insulin, used in treating diabetes. Early Life Banting was born November 14, 1891, on a farm near Alliston, Ontario. The death of his friend made him having the desire to be a doctor. However, his father was a devoutly religious man, and hoped that Frederick would become minister. After he graduated from high school, the conflicts with his parents begun. His parents finally persuaded him to enrol in the liberal art course at Victoria College, Ontario. In 1910, he and his cousin Fred Hipwell began their studies at Victoria College. However, Banting's mind was still on medicine. After several arguments with his parents, he entered the University of Toronto Medical School in the fall of 1912. His cousin quoted, "He was a steady, industrious student. He had no top marks or even honor standing, but there never was any doubt that he would pass." World War I While he was still in school, World War I started. In the spring of 1915, his name was enlisted in the Canadian Army. However, his commanding officer, arranged him for his education. Hours after the successful completion of his final exams in December 1916, he was back in uniform. Within a few months, he was serving in the Canadian Army Hospital at Ramsgate, England. He then voluntarily transferred to the front line near Cambrai, France because he felt he was not doing enough. He used his intelligence to capture three fully armed Germans without any use of weapons! This earned a rank of the Captain. He kept working at the frontline. On the morning of September 28, 1918, a shell burst close by and a piece of shrapnel buried itself in Banting's right arm. It was so bad that a doctor informed him that they had to amputate his arm. However, he refused, He did an operation to himself. Even though it was a long, slow process, his arm finally did heal. After World War I By the time he was recovered, he went back to Toronto. He opened an office as a surgeon. However, after 4 months, he only earned 14 dollars! Therefore, he transferred to University of Western Ontario as a teacher. Winning the Nobel Prize In the year 1921, he performed a major breakthrough of modern science--he had brought a dying victim of diabetes back to life. This discovery led him to win the 1923 Nobel Prize. Even though he could turn wealthy by patenting insulin, he chose to go back to University of Toronto, and made sure that public could have insulin injection cheap and easily. The world continued to honor and reward him. In 1934, he was made a Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire by King George V. The Death of Sir Banting Later in his life, he joined the army in World War II. Aviation medicine became his favourite line of research. Shortly before his departure on a mission to Great Britain, he was uneasy and told his cousin Fred Hipwell that he was "a little bit afraid." On February 21, 1941, the plane carrying Banting 50 miles out from Newfoundland airport, heading over the Atlantic Ocean. One of the engines sputtered and failed. It crashed while landing on the ground. Thousands mourned Banting's passing. He was buried as a soldier in a simple ceremony. The last words said over the flag- draped coffin were: "It is not given to everyone to die for his country, for freedom and justice, to die in the path of duty....Such was the earthly end of Frederick Grant Banting. Tragic? Yes, but also triumphant." Discovery and Contribution The main discovery of Sir Banting of course was the insulin that could cure Diabetes Mellitus. What are Insulin and Diabetes Mellitus Insulin is a hormone that produces by the islets of Langerhans, which are the groups of cells in pancreas. Diabetes Mellitus would cause the entry of glucose impaired, a result either of a deficiency in the amount of insulin produced or of a blocking of its action. The sugar builds up in the blood and is excreted in the urine. This would cause the body became extremely thirsty, weight is lost and feels very tired. Since the body is lack of glucose, it begins to break down the stored fat. The blood would become acidic and interfere with respiration. Usual outcome of this would be diabetic coma if it is not
Thursday, March 19, 2020
The United States Supreme Court has been endowed by the Constitution the duty to ensure that each American receives "the blessings of liberty." Through the years, the Court has both honored and broken that promise. The reason for this seems to be that the High Court may view some legislation as being "necessary and proper" functions of the government so long as it does not violate individual rights expressly stated within the Constitution. The few previously chosen as Justices have been accosted with the responsibility to assess requests for changes within the American social political structure. There seem to be reemerging issues which the Court must refine due to a recent demand of the American people to do so, these issues including relations among races, the right to privacy, and the freedom of expression. With each decision passed down by the High Court, a bit of America's civic and societal culture is altered. The status of today's social world has vastly been affected by the r ulings of the Supreme Court and America owes in part what it is today because of the rulings and their affects of cases to be later mentioned. When the Constitution was instituted in 1789, the Supreme Court's role was not fully understood. In the case of Marbury v. Madison (1803), the Court declared the Judiciary Act of 1789, which allots them the power to order officials to carry out their duties, unconstitutional (Irons 105). Therefore, this case is largely credited with setting the precedent of judicial review. But according to Peter Irons, in his book A People's History of the Supreme Court, this principle was not groundbreaking: " The doctrine of judicial review had been stated by several Framers of the Constitution in 1787, was refined in The Federalist Papers during the ratification debates, and was forcefully restated by Justice Paterson in 1795, when he wrote in a circuit court decision that 'every act of the legislature repugnant to the Consti... Free Essays on The Effects Of The U.S. Supreme Court On Today's Sociopolitical Structure Free Essays on The Effects Of The U.S. Supreme Court On Today's Sociopolitical Structure The United States Supreme Court has been endowed by the Constitution the duty to ensure that each American receives "the blessings of liberty." Through the years, the Court has both honored and broken that promise. The reason for this seems to be that the High Court may view some legislation as being "necessary and proper" functions of the government so long as it does not violate individual rights expressly stated within the Constitution. The few previously chosen as Justices have been accosted with the responsibility to assess requests for changes within the American social political structure. There seem to be reemerging issues which the Court must refine due to a recent demand of the American people to do so, these issues including relations among races, the right to privacy, and the freedom of expression. With each decision passed down by the High Court, a bit of America's civic and societal culture is altered. The status of today's social world has vastly been affected by the r ulings of the Supreme Court and America owes in part what it is today because of the rulings and their affects of cases to be later mentioned. When the Constitution was instituted in 1789, the Supreme Court's role was not fully understood. In the case of Marbury v. Madison (1803), the Court declared the Judiciary Act of 1789, which allots them the power to order officials to carry out their duties, unconstitutional (Irons 105). Therefore, this case is largely credited with setting the precedent of judicial review. But according to Peter Irons, in his book A People's History of the Supreme Court, this principle was not groundbreaking: " The doctrine of judicial review had been stated by several Framers of the Constitution in 1787, was refined in The Federalist Papers during the ratification debates, and was forcefully restated by Justice Paterson in 1795, when he wrote in a circuit court decision that 'every act of the legislature repugnant to the Consti...
Monday, March 2, 2020
Love Quotes From One Tree Hill As these love quotes from the WB television series One Tree Hill attest, the characters are connected to each other by unbreakable threads of love. They fight and even get separated, but they are never far from each others thoughts. From Nathan and Haley to Karen, Lucas, and Dan, to the triangle formed by Brooke, Lucas, and Peyton, love links them all. These love quotes from One Tree Hill are like soulful music to a lovelorn heart: Brooke I wanted you to fight for me! I wanted you to say there is no one else that you could ever be with and that you would rather be alone than without me. I wanted the Lucas Scott from the beach that night; telling the world that hes the one for me. Karen I know youre searching for things, Lucas. And I hope with all my heart that you find the answers to your questions. But the answers that youre looking for are closer than you think. Theyre in your heart. And in the hearts of those who love you. Nathan You love this girl. And even if you catch pneumonia, your ass is gonna stay out here in the rain until you convince her to forgive you. Peyton At this moment there are 6,470,818,671 people in the world. Some are running scared. Some are coming home. Some tell lies to make it through the day. Others are just not facing the truth. Some are evil men, at war with good. And some are good, struggling with evil. Six billion people in the world, six billion souls. And sometimes... all you need is one. Peyton Dont laugh... but anytime I have a dream about my mom or Ellie, I like to think its their way of contacting me from the other side. Like dreams are emails for ghosts, and its their way of sending me a message. Nathan And if youÃ¢â¬â¢re lucky, if youÃ¢â¬â¢re the luckiest person on this entire planet, the person you love decides to love you back. Peyton I read a poem once... about a girl who had a crush on a guy who died. She imagined him up in heaven with all the beautiful angels... and she was jealous. Ellie is gone. I imagine her with all the badass angels now. Hanging out with them in their black leather jackets, causing trouble. But Im not jealous. I just... miss her. Peyton Imagine a future moment in your life where all your dreams come true. You know its the greatest moment of your life and you get to experience it with one person. Whos standing next to you? Peyton Losing your hearts desire is tragic, but gaining your hearts desire is all you can wish for. So if thats tragic, then give me tragedy! Rachel OK, let me get this straight. You dont have feelings for Lucas anymore, Peyton does, but shes willing to hide those feelings if you asked her to. Sounds like a pretty great friend to me.
Saturday, February 15, 2020
Explain the Development and Relevance of System Development Life Cycles(IT) - Essay Example ign, implementation, and maintenance.Ã The System Development Life Cycle (SDLC) is also known as Information Systems Development or Application Development. Software concept, as the first step, is to identify the need for a new system. It consists of investigative study on whether a business impediment or opportunity exists; carry out a feasibility study to distinguish the cost effectiveness of the solution proposed. The method may employ IT professionals alone or confer with end-users who have the idea to enhance their work. The concept must go along with the organizations strategic plan to ensure compatibility with the overall strategic objectives of the company and must meet management expectations before any budget is allocated for its development. After doing the analysis and requirements fully identified, The IT personnel will perform architectural design and write the applicable specifications for hardware, software, people and data resources. The design must be submitted to the end-users for review to ensure that the design meets their need. The design will act as a blueprint of the new system that would help to identify and rectify flaws before building the final system. Assessed and conforming to the specified requirements, the IT personnel can now start building the final system. If the management decision is to purchase commercial software rather than developing a new customized application, the system development life cycle in most parts remains the same. Evaluation of off-the-shelf software and the process in purchasing the software will replace coding and debugging. Minor coding and debugging maybe required for optional system interface. This will link the existing system to the new system to enable communication between them. Another point to consider in SDLC is the equal importance of the planning stage. A good and precise planning will reduce errors in design stage and save a lot resources. A business and a project plan are formed during the